Thursday, April 19, 2007

was Ayscough a place??

Harlton OS 1847
Aspinwall OS 1847
Litherland OS 1847

About the images.....all 3 areas of Harlton (Hurleston), Aspinwall (Asmall) and Litherland lie between Scarisbrick, Ormskirk & Halsall - the source of the information about early Aykescogh. Taken from a copy of the 1847 Ordnance Survey map of Scarisbrick and district (provided by A. Scarisbrick), which shows Hurleston under the old spelling of 'Harlton', and Asmall under the old spelling of 'Aspinwall', right at the bottom of this map is an area called 'Litherland', which was also in the district in the 1800's.

Information researched by Jonathon Hopper:
"These, and the Ormskirk priests contributors list - imply Ayscough is a Harleton... near Litherland, Aspinwall... a wood......

HARLETON (fn. 85) was held of the lords of Scarisbrick by a family whose surname was derived from it; the tenure was homage and fealty and the yearly service of 4s. (fn. 86) The first mention of the place after Domesday book is a charter of about the year 1190 by which Robert, son of Ulf de Hurleton, gave to the abbey of Cockersand 2 acres of his land in Harleton. (fn. 87) He afterwards granted to Burscough Priory land near Ayscough in Harleton, in pure alms, for the souls of King John, his own father and mother, and others. (fn. 88)
Before 1233 Robert had been succeeded by his son Roger. (fn. 89) Roger was a benefactor to Burscough, granting land in the townfield of Harleton, (fn. 90) also the lands on the east of Nather dale, 'from Simon's barn to the Graynet hake,' and elsewhere in Harleton. (fn. 91) Several of his charters are preserved at Scarisbrick, including one to his brother Richard. (fn. 92) In 1246 he was summoned to warrant to the abbot of Cockersand 48 acres, which the latter held of him by the charter of Robert his father; Walter de Scarisbrick was claiming certain land in Naithalargh as inherited from his father Gilbert. (fn. 93) Roger was himself a benefactor to Cockersand. (fn. 94) He took part in 1261 in the agreement as to boundaries made with the prior of Burscough, and in 1303 Robert, his son and successor, joined in a further agreement. (fn. 95)
For several generations the lords of Harleton bore the name of Robert, so that it is impossible to distinguish them clearly. (fn. 96) In 1365 there occurred a dispute as to the wardship of Robert, son and heir of Robert de Hurleton, ten years of age; Henry de Scarisbrick claimed as the immediate lord of Harleton, while Sir William de Atherton claimed as representing the Lathoms; the former established his right. (fn. 97) In 1369 Robert de Hurleton and Margaret his wife were claiming lands in Harleton from Roger de Shaw and Margery his wife and their son John. (fn. 98)

Ref 91
Ibid. fol. 19b, 18b, 19. The last concerns land 'at the head of Aykescough'; the bounds began at the syke on the west, followed the ditch north to the boundary of Aspinwall,' saving a certain exit where the road leads from Litherland to Harleton;' then by Aspinwall ditch to the corner by the south, and by another ditch to the commencement.

Ref 96
The Scarisbrick deeds include several relating to them. In 1332 William, John, and Nicholas, sons of Robert de Hurleton, resigned to their father a rent of 3s. 4d. issuing from the manor (n. 61). Ten years later Robert son of Robert de Hurleton made various grants on the occasion of his own son Robert's marriage with Eleanor, daughter of Gilbert de Scarisbrick; by the first he gave his son a rent-charge of £20 upon his manors and lands; and by another he gave his part of the wood of Aykescough and lands tenanted by Richard Bonyard and others; while the son agreed that the rent-charge should not be used provided his father made no alienation of the estates (n. 71, 70, 70*). Alice widow of Matthew de Hurleton was a plaintiff in 1317. De Banc. R. 219, m. 151.

From: 'Townships: Scarisbrick', A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 3 (1907), pp. 265-76. URL: Date accessed: 10 April 2007"

and Andrew Scarisbrick is able to shed some light on the areas/ regions mentioned in the passage above:

"Regarding all the place names you have been enquiring about....
Harleton is the old spelling of Hurlston (or Hurleston), an area now within the village of Scarisbrick, but was mentioned in Domesday book, before Scarisbrick had properly come into being. It was centered around Hurlston Hall, which was demolished in the 20th century, due to being in a very dilapidated state. It used to belong to the Hurlston family, but was bought by the Scarisbrick family, and leased out as a farmhouse.
There is now a golf course on the site, and a road called Hurlston Lane, which you should be able to find on streetmap or similar. This is all right by (less than a mile from) where I live.
Aspinwall was another area of land, spanning the borders of Scarisbrick, Halsall and Ormskirk. It is now spelled Asmall, but in the earlier censuses, it is still under the old spelling. Look for Asmall Lane in streetmap. It crosses all three of the above places.
I believe there used to be a place called Litherland in the area, but this has since become lost over time - unrelated to the Litherland of Liverpool.
It did used to be a slightly wooded area, but I was unaware of any place by the name of Ainscough, or Aykescogh, in the area. I shall have to take another look at the Victoria County History again.


The wood of Aykisscogh - c1342

More about the Aykescogh name from Jonathon Hopper and Andrew Scarisbrick....I'm beginning to wonder if the William and Thomas Aykescogh's quoted below in 2 separate instances by both J & A are the same people?? Is/ was Farington in the same area as the wood of Aykisscogh???
If you know the answers get in touch.....

Jonathon Hopper has found the following:
"William de Aykescogh of Farington in 1356 granted lands to his son John; Thomas de Ayscough was in possession in 1410; while Robert de Ayscough made a feoftment in 1450 in favour of his bastard sons Thomas and Robert; Piccope MSS. xiv, 54, 55, 58. Thomas Ayscough and Alice his wife sold a messuage, &c., in Farington in 1564 to John Fleetwood; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 26, m. 46

So where is Farington?


and Andy Scarisbrick offers some suggestions.....

"Hi Barbara.
I have been searching through the old Scarisbrick (place) Deeds and charters for references to Aykescogh, and similar old spellings, and have found a few, most around the same time period. The late 13th century deeds mention a place, woodland, called Aykiscou, the latest being 1342, which mentions "the wood of Aykisscogh".
The later deed, of c. 1370, starts to mention it as a surname, viz "William of Aykyscawe Thomas of Aykyscawe".
I hope these prove to be of some interest.

I forgot to mention that there is a place called Farington by Leyland.

Which reminds me of something else. I found the following in Leyland Parish records:
Marriage: 2 Oct 1786 St Andrew, Leyland, Lancashire, England
John Wackinson - Husbandman of This Parish
Jane Ainscough - of Croston

Witness: William Sumner; William Brown
Married by Banns by: Thomas Baldwin Vicar
Register: Marriages 1783 - 1793, Page 60, Entry 178
Source: LDS Film 93952

I believe this Jane Ainscough is the sister of Hugh of Ormskirk (d. 1813) and John, your ancestor (married Margaret Worthington). As she married in 1786, she cannot have been born much later than 1765. She did not have or need father's consent, so must have been at least 21 years old.

Best Regards

And more from Jonathon....
Other families occur in pleadings and inquisitions as holding land in the township, among them being Shireburne of Stonyhurst, (fn. 63) Banastre, (fn. 64) Clayton, (fn. 65) Knoll, (fn. 66) Ayscough, (fn. 67) Hesketh, (fn. 68) Moly neux, (fn. 69) Stopford, (fn. 70) Sumner, (fn. 71) and Werden. (fn. 72) The inquisitions supply some further names. (fn. 73) In addition to Farington and Charnock there were some minor sequestrations in Leyland by the Parliament during the Civil War, but for religion only. (fn. 74) Mawdesley of Leyland recorded a pedigree in 1664. (fn. 75) Three small estates of 'Papists' were registered in 1717. (fn. 76) The principal contributors to the land tax in 1783 were the executors of Sir William Farington, paying over a fifth; among the smaller ones were James Barton, the Rev. Mr. Baldwin, and John Park; in 1798 Alexander N. Kershaw (of Heskin) had about the same as these

Joan widow of Adam son of John de Ayscough (Aykescough) unsuccessfully sued Adam son of John de Ulbas for dower in 1292; Assize R. 408, m. 57 d.
John son of William de Ayscough in 1305 claimed a messuage and land in Leyland by Euxton against his brother Richard, Robert de Leyland and Margery his wife, &c. The defence was that Margery had a third part as dower by assignment of Master Adam de Walton, chief lord of the fee; Assize R. 420, m. 9 d. In 1308–9 Richard son of William Ward claimed land against John son of William de Ayscough, alleging that a certain William son of Ughtred had granted it to William son of Richard de Ayscough and Alice his wife, and that it had descended to William Ward, son of the said William and Alice, and then to the plaintiff as son and heir; De Banco R. 173, m. 425 d.; 179, m. 210 d. See also ibid. 185, m. 147 d.
John Ayscough died in 1636 holding a messuage, &c., of William Farington; his heir was a son Thomas, seven years of age; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 8. A settlement is recited in the inquisition.

From: 'Townships: Leyland', A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6 (1911), pp. 10-7. URL: Date accessed: 10 April 20