Thursday, April 19, 2007

The wood of Aykisscogh - c1342

More about the Aykescogh name from Jonathon Hopper and Andrew Scarisbrick....I'm beginning to wonder if the William and Thomas Aykescogh's quoted below in 2 separate instances by both J & A are the same people?? Is/ was Farington in the same area as the wood of Aykisscogh???
If you know the answers get in touch.....

Jonathon Hopper has found the following:
"William de Aykescogh of Farington in 1356 granted lands to his son John; Thomas de Ayscough was in possession in 1410; while Robert de Ayscough made a feoftment in 1450 in favour of his bastard sons Thomas and Robert; Piccope MSS. xiv, 54, 55, 58. Thomas Ayscough and Alice his wife sold a messuage, &c., in Farington in 1564 to John Fleetwood; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 26, m. 46

So where is Farington?


and Andy Scarisbrick offers some suggestions.....

"Hi Barbara.
I have been searching through the old Scarisbrick (place) Deeds and charters for references to Aykescogh, and similar old spellings, and have found a few, most around the same time period. The late 13th century deeds mention a place, woodland, called Aykiscou, the latest being 1342, which mentions "the wood of Aykisscogh".
The later deed, of c. 1370, starts to mention it as a surname, viz "William of Aykyscawe Thomas of Aykyscawe".
I hope these prove to be of some interest.

I forgot to mention that there is a place called Farington by Leyland.

Which reminds me of something else. I found the following in Leyland Parish records:
Marriage: 2 Oct 1786 St Andrew, Leyland, Lancashire, England
John Wackinson - Husbandman of This Parish
Jane Ainscough - of Croston

Witness: William Sumner; William Brown
Married by Banns by: Thomas Baldwin Vicar
Register: Marriages 1783 - 1793, Page 60, Entry 178
Source: LDS Film 93952

I believe this Jane Ainscough is the sister of Hugh of Ormskirk (d. 1813) and John, your ancestor (married Margaret Worthington). As she married in 1786, she cannot have been born much later than 1765. She did not have or need father's consent, so must have been at least 21 years old.

Best Regards

And more from Jonathon....
Other families occur in pleadings and inquisitions as holding land in the township, among them being Shireburne of Stonyhurst, (fn. 63) Banastre, (fn. 64) Clayton, (fn. 65) Knoll, (fn. 66) Ayscough, (fn. 67) Hesketh, (fn. 68) Moly neux, (fn. 69) Stopford, (fn. 70) Sumner, (fn. 71) and Werden. (fn. 72) The inquisitions supply some further names. (fn. 73) In addition to Farington and Charnock there were some minor sequestrations in Leyland by the Parliament during the Civil War, but for religion only. (fn. 74) Mawdesley of Leyland recorded a pedigree in 1664. (fn. 75) Three small estates of 'Papists' were registered in 1717. (fn. 76) The principal contributors to the land tax in 1783 were the executors of Sir William Farington, paying over a fifth; among the smaller ones were James Barton, the Rev. Mr. Baldwin, and John Park; in 1798 Alexander N. Kershaw (of Heskin) had about the same as these

Joan widow of Adam son of John de Ayscough (Aykescough) unsuccessfully sued Adam son of John de Ulbas for dower in 1292; Assize R. 408, m. 57 d.
John son of William de Ayscough in 1305 claimed a messuage and land in Leyland by Euxton against his brother Richard, Robert de Leyland and Margery his wife, &c. The defence was that Margery had a third part as dower by assignment of Master Adam de Walton, chief lord of the fee; Assize R. 420, m. 9 d. In 1308–9 Richard son of William Ward claimed land against John son of William de Ayscough, alleging that a certain William son of Ughtred had granted it to William son of Richard de Ayscough and Alice his wife, and that it had descended to William Ward, son of the said William and Alice, and then to the plaintiff as son and heir; De Banco R. 173, m. 425 d.; 179, m. 210 d. See also ibid. 185, m. 147 d.
John Ayscough died in 1636 holding a messuage, &c., of William Farington; his heir was a son Thomas, seven years of age; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 8. A settlement is recited in the inquisition.

From: 'Townships: Leyland', A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6 (1911), pp. 10-7. URL: Date accessed: 10 April 20

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